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大学英语6级考试精准听力法 Model Test Two

[00:14.21]Model Test Two
[00:17.61]Section A
[00:20.23]Directions: In this section,
[00:23.94]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:26.99]and 2 long conversations.
[00:30.68]At the end of each conversation,
[00:33.08]one or more questions will be asked
[00:35.59]about what was said.
[00:38.23]Both the conversation and the questions
[00:40.83]will be spoken only once.
[00:43.97]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:48.18]During the pause,
[00:49.88]you must read the four choices
[00:52.00]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:56.77]and decide which is the best answer.
[01:00.36]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[01:05.71]with a single line through the centre.
[01:09.60]Now let’s begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:14.58]11. M: Jack seems to be worried about how to make ends meet this year.
[01:20.68]W: If he continues his way of spending money,
[01:23.41]he will only overspend and end up in debt.
[01:26.99]Q: What does the woman mean?
[01:43.94]12. W: I’m concerned about the test result.
[01:47.42]You know, I did not prepared well and the testing time was so limited.
[01:52.79]M: Everybody feels so.
[01:54.56]I believe the teacher may not give a failing grade to such a good student.
[01:59.01]Q: What does the man imply?
[02:16.08]13. W: I’m exhausted. I stayed up late last night
[02:20.86]and finally finished the work that the boss assigned to me last week.
[02:25.17]M: You deserve it. In fact, you can do it little by little every day,
[02:29.72]and you may finish the same work more easily and successfully.
[02:33.94]Q: What does the man mean?
[02:50.99]14. M: I just heard that John was down with flu.
[02:55.84]W: Well, the flu lets everybody make a fuss over minor things
[03:00.07]and a gossip makes it even worse. A cold does not mean a flu, you know.
[03:05.95]Q: What do we learn about John?
[03:23.51]15. M: I must have quit smoking for a thousand times!
[03:29.95]W: A lot of people stop smoking for some time but resume it afterwards.
[03:34.94]Anyway, nearly all public places do not allow smoking.
[03:39.34]Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
[03:57.20]16. W: I’m really disappointed this time.
[04:01.06]I found I did not get the promotion I hoped for.
[04:04.45]M: I cannot believe a person like you cannot be promoted.
[04:08.36]But, to tell the truth, you should be more humble sometimes.
[04:12.72]Q: Why didn’t the woman get the promotion according to the man?
[04:32.14]17. M: Doctor Jones, I’m wondering whether you can give me an extension
[04:37.74]for the term paper because I was just released from hospital.
[04:42.04]W: Since that's the case, you may hand it in the last day of this term.
[04:47.20]Q: What does the man imply?
[05:04.30]18. M: Good morning, Professor Smith. I’m Gerald Gray with a local newspaper.
[05:11.62]I’d like to ask you a few questions about your latest marketing theory.
[05:16.34]W: My pleasure, go ahead.
[05:18.73]Q: What can we learn about the man?
[05:36.32]Now you’ll hear the two long conversations.
[05:40.21]Conversation One
[05:42.55]W: Hi, Larry. Your friend told me that I could find you in the TV lounge.
[05:47.15]What are you doing here on earth?
[05:49.96]M: What does it look like I am doing?
[05:52.85]W: Well, it looks like you are watching television.
[05:55.94]But we have a French mid-term exam tomorrow,
[05:58.98]so I thought you’d be studying, maybe I could study with you.
[06:03.22]M: Well, I'm just taking a break.
[06:05.78]This French stuff gives me a headache if I work on it too long.
[06:10.63]W: I know what you mean. I’ve been working on it for three hours already.
[06:15.07]It’s driving me crazy. I’ve been studying the sample problems,
[06:19.48]but I just don’t settle some of them.
[06:22.47]M: But I can’t believe you are coming to me.
[06:25.33]I mean you know what I got in the last test, don’t you?
[06:29.18]W: Yeah, I know, you’ve told me about that.
[06:32.11]But I just thought two heads might be better than one.
[06:35.60]M: Yeah, that's a good idea. But...you know,
[06:38.81]I wish I knew that person in our class who got a full mark in the last test.
[06:43.88]She didn’t miss a question. Umm...was it Jessie?
[06:48.19]W: Oh yeah, Jessie! She’d be a big help right now. Why not give her a call?
[06:53.52]M: What! Now? It’s already 10:30.
[06:57.07]I don’t want to impose on her.
[06:59.13]W: Yeah, I guess you’re right. But you know what, she owes me a big favor.
[07:04.48]Let’s at least give her a call and see what she says.
[07:07.92]Maybe going over some of the problems with us would help her review the material.
[07:12.78]M: It’s worth a try.
[07:16.13]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[07:23.09]19. Why does the man watch TV?
[07:41.95]20. What is the woman’s main problem?
[08:00.78]21. What can we learn about Jessie?
[08:19.60]22. What does the woman suggest the man do?
[08:39.34]Conversation Two
[08:42.36]M: Excuse me, I’m doing a survey about watching TV.
[08:46.82]I’m wondering whether you could answer some questions for help.
[08:51.07]W: Go ahead. I’d be pleased if I can do any favor.
[08:54.81]M: Do you regard watching television as a great time-waster?
[08:58.72]W: Un...I think sometimes it can be a time-waster,
[09:02.44]but it depends on how particular people care about what they want to see...
[09:07.13]Mm, it can just be a sort of total amusement for someone,
[09:11.24]but it can also be totally time-consuming
[09:14.32]without really considering what they’re watching.
[09:17.36]M: But how do you prevent it coming into your life and taking over your evenings
[09:22.18]and at the same time perhaps get out of the sort of best things
[09:26.41]or best programs that are on television?
[09:29.50]W: Well, I suppose one of the problems will depend on what a person’s life style is,
[09:35.06]and that if he has other outside interests which are equally important to him as television.
[09:41.46]He will be more careful about which programs to watch
[09:44.63]if he has time to use for other interesting things.
[09:48.56]M: Do you think that television has killed people’s own sort of creativity
[09:53.01]or their ability to entertain themselves because if they're bored,
[09:57.60]all they do is just turn the TV on?
[10:00.15]W: Yes, I think that's a danger, and I think that in fact is
[10:04.23]what is happening to a lot of people who use it as their main field of amusement
[10:09.26]and because they don't have other outside interests and even
[10:12.81]when people come round they’ll leave the television on and not be,
[10:17.55]you know, particularly interested in talking to them,
[10:21.41]you know the television will be the main thing in the room.
[10:25.02]M: Thank you so much.
[10:27.33]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[10:35.02]23. Why does the woman think TV is a time-waster?
[10:55.30]24. Who is less likely to be engaged in TV?
[11:15.37]25. Which of the following statements may the woman agrees with?

[11:36.25]Section B
[11:38.36]Directions: In this section,
[11:41.90]you will hear 3 short passages,
[11:45.65]at the end of each passage,
[11:47.58]you will hear some questions.
[11:50.09]Both the passage and the questions
[11:52.62]will be spoken only once.
[11:56.19]After you hear a question,
[11:58.27]you must choose the best answer
[12:00.73]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[12:05.55]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[12:09.51]with a single line through the centre.
[12:13.21]Passage One
[12:15.54]Leaders of eight industrial nations meet in Germany to discuss many issues.
[12:21.33]One subject is expected to be a new United Nations report.
[12:26.37]The report says the world has the technology necessary to reduce gases
[12:31.21]that trap heat from the Sun.
[12:33.65]But it warns that actions must be taken immediately by governments and individuals.
[12:39.31]Earlier studies have linked Earth’s rising temperatures
[12:42.55]to production of heat-trapping gases like carbon dioxide.
[12:47.40]Some scientists have already said what they believe will happen
[12:51.24]if carbon dioxide emissions continue to grow.
[12:55.14]They say long-term effects will include rising sea levels,
[12:59.47]damaging storms and severe lack of rain in different areas.
[13:04.43]The scientists say this could result in extreme heat, more floods,
[13:09.06]shortages of drinking water, reduced food production and more world hunger.
[13:15.54]The earlier reports said climate change is likely the result of human activities.
[13:21.11]The new report says severe climate change can be stopped.
[13:25.09]It calls for immediate actions to reduce the release of carbon dioxide.
[13:30.41]The report says governments around the world already have the ability to slow
[13:35.51]or stop this pollution. It says policy makers should support increased use of natural gas
[13:42.53]and less dependence on coal for fuel.
[13:46.06]The report supports increased use of wind power and other kinds of renewable energy.
[13:52.23]It also suggests other ways to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
[13:57.40]They include developing vehicles that use less fuel and speeding
[14:02.33]the use of energy efficient lighting.
[14:05.20]The report sets a goal of limiting the average temperature change worldwide
[14:10.12]to two degrees Celsius by 2050. It says this can be done
[14:16.07]at a cost of less than 3% of the world’s gross domestic product.
[14:22.38]Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[14:29.20]26. What do we learn from the UN report?
[14:48.64]27. What will happen according to earlier studies?
[15:08.49]28. What can we learn according to the new report?
[15:28.28]29. Which of the following is NOT suggested by the new report?

[15:49.24]Passage Two
[15:50.75]42 of the 50 American states offered some kind of public online
[15:55.52]learning the past school year.
[15:58.07]Even the idea of a school has changed since the rise of Internet in the 1990s.
[16:04.78]A new report from the Center for Evaluation and Education Policy
[16:09.38]at Indiana University says 18 states have full-time virtual schools.
[16:15.80]There are no buildings. All classes are online.
[16:19.45]Learners might work at different times.
[16:21.92]But there might be set time for class discussions—by text, voice or video
[16:27.66]—and virtual office hours for teachers.
[16:31.14]Florida started the first statewide public virtual school in the United States in 1997.
[16:38.34]Today, the Florida Virtual School offers more than 90 courses.
[16:43.52]56 000 students were enrolled. Almost 60% were female.
[16:49.62]The school’s website says each student was enrolled in an average of two classes.
[16:55.56]Two thirds were also enrolled in public or charter schools.
[16:59.95]Charter schools are privately operated with public money.
[17:03.75]So how good are virtual schools?
[17:06.86]Studies have shown mixed results, as that new report from Indiana University notes.
[17:13.24]For example, students at Florida Virtual School gained higher grades
[17:18.18]than those taking the same courses in the traditional way.
[17:22.14]And they scored higher on a statewide test.
[17:25.47]But virtual school students in Kansas and Colorado had lower test scores
[17:31.25]or performed at a lower level than traditional learners.
[17:35.58]Studies also find that virtual schools may not save much in operating costs.
[17:41.82]Education experts say the mixed results suggest the need
[17:45.62]for more research to find the best ways to teach in virtual schools.
[17:50.98]Also, they say schools of education need to train more teachers
[17:55.37]to work in both physical and virtual classrooms.
[18:00.32]Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[18:06.99]30. What can we learn about online education?
[18:27.06]31. What can be inferred about Florida Virtual School?
[18:47.76]32. What do virtual schools perform according to studies?

[19:08.68]Passage Three
[19:10.61]Junior Achievement is an international movement to educate young people
[19:14.86]about business and economics.
[19:17.38]The purpose is to help them prepare to succeed in a world economy.
[19:22.11]Junior Achievement Worldwide says it reaches over 8 million students each year
[19:27.39]in more than 100 countries.
[19:30.22]Programs begin in elementary school and continue through middle and high school.
[19:35.86]The education is based on the ideas of market-based economics and entrepreneurship.
[19:42.38]Junior Achievement began in 1919 in Springfield, Massachusetts.
[19:47.69]For more than 50 years, Junior Achievement programs met after school.
[19:53.11]They began as a group of business clubs.
[19:56.32]The organization started with a small number of children with the age from 10 to 12.
[20:02.14]But in 1975, Junior Achievement began to offer classes during school hours.
[20:08.50]More young people joined the organization
[20:11.05]once it began to teach business skills as part of the school day.
[20:16.11]Volunteers from the community teach about businesses, how they are organized,
[20:21.48]and how products are made and sold.
[20:24.68]They also teach about the American and world economies and about industry and trade.
[20:31.17]The Junior Achievement Company Program teaches young people
[20:34.58]how entrepreneurship works. They learn about business
[20:38.81]by operating their own companies.
[20:41.71]The students develop a product and sell shares in their company.
[20:46.39]They use the money to buy the materials they need to make their own product,
[20:51.03]which then they sell. Finally, they return the profits to the people
[20:56.30]who bought shares in the company.
[20:59.10]Junior Achievement says 287 000 volunteers support its programs around the world.
[21:07.09]In the United States alone, there are more than 22 000 places
[21:11.95]that hold Junior Achievement events.
[21:16.34]Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[21:22.79]33. What is the purpose of Junior Achievement?
[21:42.43]34. What can we learn about Junior Achievement?
[22:01.73]35. Which of the following does Junior Achievement NOT teach?

[22:22.47]Section C
[22:24.68]Directions: In this section,
[22:27.63]you will hear a passage three times.
[22:31.20]When the passage is read for the first time,
[22:34.28]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[22:38.78]When the passage is read for the second time,
[22:41.94]you are required to fill in the blanks
[22:44.74]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words
[22:50.10]you have just heard.
[22:52.79]For the blanks numbered from 44 to 46
[22:57.02]you are required to fill in the missing information.
[23:01.91]For these blanks,
[23:03.30]you can either use the exact words
[23:05.95]you have just heard
[23:07.65]or write down the main points
[23:10.03]in your own words.
[23:12.92]Finally,
[23:14.06]when the passage is read for the third time,
[23:17.17]you should check what you have written.
[23:20.38]Now listen to the passage.
[23:24.21]Health experts predict that more people will die of cancer than of AIDS,
[23:29.27]tuberculosis and malaria combined.
[23:32.64]A World Health Organization report made the predictions that by 2010,
[23:37.85]cancer will become the world’s leading cause of death,
[23:41.66]though heart disease is the current major killer.
[23:45.24]Experts say one reason that more people are dying of cancer is
[23:49.27]that more people are smoking in developing countries.
[23:52.81]Other factors including high fat diets and reduced physical activities
[23:57.95]are also believed to be pushing the numbers upward.
[24:01.95]The WHO report estimates that twelve million people
[24:05.93]will be found to have some form of cancer this year.
[24:09.86]It claims that more than seven million people will die early as a result of cancer.
[24:15.64]And more than five million of the new cancer cases will be in developing countries.
[24:22.16]The number of cancer cases and deaths
[24:24.54]from cancer are expected to increase 1% each year.
[24:29.73]Without new treatments, the WHO says,
[24:32.61]the number of new cancer patients could reach 27 million a year by 2030.
[24:39.89]A separate report said the number of men and women
[24:42.59]dying of cancer in the United States had dropped for the first time on record.
[24:48.33]The report in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute said
[24:52.18]the drop was mainly the result of fewer cases of lung,
[24:56.28]prostate and colorectal cancer in men.
[25:00.38]The American Cancer Society says governments can do things
[25:04.22]to help prevent the increase in cancer cases and deaths.
[25:08.22]One idea is to provide poor and developing nations with vaccines
[25:13.31]that help prevent some cancer-causing infections.
[25:16.81]Another suggestion is more support for tobacco-control programs.
[25:22.08]And the Cancer Society says health officials and governments
[25:25.77]should invest more in cancer research and early detection.
[25:32.57]Now the passage will be read again.
[25:36.78]Health experts predict that more people will die of cancer than of AIDS,
[25:41.89]tuberculosis and malaria combined.
[25:45.22]A World Health Organization report made the predictions that by 2010,
[25:50.40]cancer will become the world’s leading cause of death,
[25:54.20]though heart disease is the current major killer.
[25:57.78]Experts say one reason that more people are dying of cancer is
[26:01.77]that more people are smoking in developing countries.
[26:05.46]Other factors including high fat diets and reduced physical activities
[26:10.48]are also believed to be pushing the numbers upward.
[26:14.50]The WHO report estimates that twelve million people
[26:18.50]will be found to have some form of cancer this year.
[26:22.40]It claims that more than seven million people will die early as a result of cancer.
[26:28.12]And more than five million of the new cancer cases will be in developing countries.
[26:34.76]The number of cancer cases and deaths
[26:37.37]from cancer are expected to increase 1% each year.
[26:42.08]Without new treatments, the WHO says,
[26:44.97]the number of new cancer patients could reach 27 million a year by 2030.
[26:52.45]A separate report said the number of men and women
[26:55.13]dying of cancer in the United States had dropped for the first time on record.
[27:50.51]The report in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute said
[27:54.37]the drop was mainly the result of fewer cases of lung,
[27:58.38]prostate and colorectal cancer in men.
[28:02.60]The American Cancer Society says governments can do things
[28:06.42]to help prevent the increase in cancer cases and deaths.
[29:00.36]One idea is to provide poor and developing nations with vaccines
[29:05.11]that help prevent some cancer-causing infections.
[29:08.82]Another suggestion is more support for tobacco-control programs.
[29:14.04]And the Cancer Society says health officials and governments
[29:17.83]should invest more in cancer research and early detection.
[30:12.45]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[30:17.03]Health experts predict that more people will die of cancer than of AIDS,
[30:22.08]tuberculosis and malaria combined.
[30:25.49]A World Health Organization report made the predictions that by 2010,
[30:30.69]cancer will become the world’s leading cause of death,
[30:34.49]though heart disease is the current major killer.
[30:38.07]Experts say one reason that more people are dying of cancer is
[30:42.08]that more people are smoking in developing countries.
[30:45.68]Other factors including high fat diets and reduced physical activities
[30:50.76]are also believed to be pushing the numbers upward.
[30:54.77]The WHO report estimates that twelve million people
[30:58.73]will be found to have some form of cancer this year.
[31:02.69]It claims that more than seven million people will die early as a result of cancer.
[31:08.47]And more than five million of the new cancer cases will be in developing countries.
[31:15.06]The number of cancer cases and deaths
[31:17.31]from cancer are expected to increase 1% each year.
[31:22.58]Without new treatments, the WHO says,
[31:25.34]the number of new cancer patients could reach 27 million a year by 2030.
[31:32.65]A separate report said the number of men and women
[31:35.41]dying of cancer in the United States had dropped for the first time on record.
[31:41.15]The report in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute said
[31:44.98]the drop was mainly the result of fewer cases of lung,
[31:49.05]prostate and colorectal cancer in men.
[31:53.19]The American Cancer Society says governments can do things
[31:57.15]to help prevent the increase in cancer cases and deaths.
[32:01.05]One idea is to provide poor and developing nations with vaccines
[32:06.06]that help prevent some cancer-causing infections.
[32:09.65]Another suggestion is more support for tobacco-control programs.
[32:14.92]And the Cancer Society says health officials and governments
[32:18.57]should invest more in cancer research and early detection.
[32:25.27]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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